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  • Mineral: Quartz       

  • Main Source of Origin: Brazil

  • Mohs Hardness: 7.0

  • Birthstone: November 

Citrine is derived from citrus which describes a burst of juicy yellow from the family of citron fruit. This yellow-orange gemstone is believed to warm, comfort and energize the wearer’s soul. Citrine is often found in association with amethyst but is much rarer than its purple cousin. Other than amethyst, there are also rose quartz, and smoky quartz which are similar mineral quartz which comes in an extensive range of hues. Japan is a producer of these quartz. Citrine can also be found in Brazil, the Ural Mountains of Russia, in Dauphine, France, and in Madagascar. The darker colors, medium gold orange and dark sherry colors of citrine are considered more valuable. Thus, these are often priced higher.


In the 19th century, it was discovered that the purple-hued amethyst changes to citrine in orange, reddish and sherry colors by high temperatures. Since, most citrine gemstones have been produced with heat-treatment. Citrine are commonly mistaken for the more expensive orangish-yellow topaz. In fact, before the 20th century, all gems in the brown, orange and yellow color range were called topaz. It is helpful to understand that quartz and topaz are different gem species composed of different chemicals and have different physical and optical properties as well as valued very differently. With experience, one would be able to tell the difference of the two gemstones based on sight by the different refraction and appearance of the gem through the dispersal of color and light.


Nevertheless, both citrine and topaz are considered the birthstone for the month of November.

Other information:

  • Zodiac birthstone for Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra

  • Stone for 13th anniversary